History Revision – II
Short Answer Questions
- Name the person who inaugurated the Individual Satyagraha Campaign in 1940 started by Mahatma Gandhi.
- Name the military organization formed by Subhas Chandra Bose.
- Name the last British Viceroy of India.
- State two important functions of the WHO.
- When and by whom was the Indian National congress founded?
- Where is the headquarters of the WHO located?
- Mention any one function of the Security Council.
- What is meant by the term ‘Human Rights’?
- Why did Gandhiji renew the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1932?
- State any two ways in which the UNESCO preserves the cultural heritage of the world.
- What does the Non-Aligned Movement stand for?
- Mention any two main points of the Mountbatten Plan.
- Mention any two factors that helped in the growth of Nationalism.
- State any two objectives of the Muslim League.
- Which agency of the UN looks after the interests of the children in the world? What was the original purpose of setting up this agency?
Long Answer Questions
- Describe the causes of the First War of Independence, with reference to the following:
- Military causes.
- Religious Causes.
- Economic Causes.
- Political Causes.
2. What was the immediate cause of the First War of Independence?
3. What were the political views of Bal Gangadhar Tilak? Enlist his contributions towards the rise of Nationalism.
4.Using the following points, briefly describe the events that led to the launching of the Civil Disobedience Movement:
- Nehru (Motilal) Report, 1928.
- Demand for complete Independence, 1929.
5. Explain the composition of the General Assembly. Write the expanded form of UNESCO and state three functions of this agency.
6. Briefly explain the meaning of the Cold War. State any three major impacts of the Cold War.
Long Answer Questions specifically on the Contemporary World
1. With reference to the First World War, show how the following were responsible for causing the war:
a) Aggressive Nationalism
b) Arms Race
2. What factors were responsible for the formation of the United Nations?
3. What are Human Rights? What is stated in the first two articles of the Declaration of Human Rights?
4. What were the salient features of Hiltler’s Foreign Policy?
5. Briefly describe the three most important causes of the Second World War.
6. With reference to the Cold War, answer the following questions:
a) What were the two main power blocs and how did they polarize? What were the differences in their ideology?
b) Briefly describe an incident that created suspicion between the two blocs after the end of the Second World War.
Answers to Short Answer Questions
- Acharya Vinobha Bhave.
- Indian National Army.
- Lord Mountbatten.
- 4. To help the developing countries to make better use of their natural and human resources, co-operates with many countries to provide safe drinking water and adequate waste-disposal.
- In 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume.
- Geneva (Switzerland).
- Investigate any dispute that might lead to a war.
- Human Rights are freedom which should be available to all persons irrespective of their religion, race, caste, sex, nationality.
- At the Second Round Table Conference no one paid attention to Mahatma Gandhi’s demand for complete independence. There was no agreement regarding communal representation.
- a. It aims to protect the world inheritance of books, works of art and rare manuscripts, b. It pays attention towards the cultural development through the medium of films.
- Non-alignment is an independent movement which believes and enables each nation to follow its own policies without joining any of the two superpower blocs nor coming under their influence.
- i. The country would be divided into two Dominions-India and Pakistan, ii. A Boundary Commission would be set up to settle the boundaries of the two Dominions.
- i. The policy of economic exploitation followed by the British, ii. The Indian press aroused feelings of national consciousness among the people.
- i. To promote feelings of loyalty among to the British government among the Muslims of India ii. To protect and advance the political rights of the Muslims of India and to represent their needs to the Government.
United Nations International Children’s emergency Fund-UNICEF. It was set up to meet the emergency needs of the children in Europe and China immediately.