Answers to History Revision
1. i) Indian citizen above the age of 30 years.
ii) Should have his name in the electoral list.
2. The President of India on the recommendation of the Union Council of Ministers.
3. i) He may reserve a bill for the President’s consideration after it has been passed by the State Legislature, ii) While making a report to the President informing him of the breakdown of the constitutional machinery of the state, the Governor may act on his own discretion.
4. i) if he accepts citizenship of a foreign country, ii) If the court of law declares that he is of unsound mind, iii) If he is disqualified by a law of Parliament, like the Anti-Defection Act.
5. The President.
6. i) The High Court exercises supervision over all courts and tribunals in the territories under its jurisdictions, ii) It may call for returns from such courts and may prescribe rules for the maintenance of account books.
7. Territorial areas set up for the purpose of election in each State or Union Territory are called Parliamentary Constituencies.
8. One-third of the total strength of the Legislative Assembly or a minimum number of 40 members, whichever is higher.
9. Sessions Court.
10. Lok Sabha
12. Bicameral Legislature has two houses of Legislature, Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad.
13. Prime Minister.
14. i) Without the recommendation of the President no Money Bill can be introduced in the Lok Sabha, ii) The President causes to be laid before the Lok Sabha the annual budget containing the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Center for the coming year.
15. Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
16. It means that certain cases can be brought to the High Court in the first instance without having been heard in subordinate courts.
17. The Governor, in consultation with the High Court.
18. i) 545 and ii) 250
19. During the breakdown of the constitutional machinery in the state.
20. Supreme Court.
21. Writ of habeas corpus.
22. The minimum number of MPs needed to be present for any meeting of the House to take place. it is usually one-tenth of the total number of MPs must be present.
23. When both the Houses of the Parliament are not in session.
24. Elected members of the State Legislative Assembly.
25. Universal adult franchise and secret ballot.
1. It symbolized Hindu-Muslim unity and also brought Moderates and Extremists together.
2. 30 December, 1906 at Dacca.
3. i) The country would be divided into two Dominions, India and Pakistan, ii) the Princely States would have the option to join either of the two Dominions or to remain independent.
4. i) Swadeshi textile mills, match and soap factories, potteries, etc. , sprang up everywhere, ii) Acharya P.C Ray set up his Bengal Chemicals Factory. Whole capital of Tata Iron and Steel Company was subscribed to by Indians.
5. “Delhi Chalo” and “Jai Hind”.
6. i) Interests of the state were superior to the rights of the citizens, ii) Aggressive nationalism.
7. i) Provides help to children and mothers in emergencies arising from natural calamities, civil strifes and epidemics, ii) makes effort to prevent diseases like TB, malaria, eye diseases, skin diseases, etc.
8. Bombay, 1885.
9. The Government of India Act, 1858. Lord Canning.
10. 7 April, 1948; Geneva, Switzerland.
11. Bernard Baruch, an American statesman, coined the term ‘Cold War’.
12. All higher ranks were kept reserved for the British and therefore the Indian soldiers could not rise above the position of a Subedar.
13. English became a language of communication among the educated Indians from different regions of the country.
14. Lala Lajpat Rai.
15. 12 March 1930, Mahatma Gandhi.
16. The main cause of poverty in India according to Dadabhai Naoroji was the exploitation of India by the British and also because the British drained off the wealth of India.
17. USA, UK, France, Russia and China.
18. i) Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, ii) All are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law without any discrimination.
19. 26 January 1930.
20. Subhas Chandra Bose.
21. It emphasized the necessity of establishing an international organization based on the principle of international peace and security.
22. NGOs have revealed cases of bonded labourers, children in prison, violence against women undertrials etc.
23. To encounter all political unrest, this manifested itself in many situations like Champaran, Satyagraha, etc.
24. Maulana Mohammed Ali and Shaukat Ali. Gandhiji saw in the Movement an opportunity for uniting the Hindus and Muslims.
25. Dadabhai Naoroji.